I think it's the other way around, that some of the types of people who choose to study engineering and science are particularly vulnerable to this type of ideology. There's a certain kind of personality I've heard called the "engineering type" which doesn't necessarily describe most engineers or only engineers, where the person believes that the world works like a large clockwork mechanism. These people generally have a strong faith in science, at least that science can be useful in figuring out everything about how the world works. This often extends into their views on ethics and philosophy, too, which means that these people have very black and white morality and have difficulty grasping nuance. In their view, there are "correct" philosophies (usually positivism) and "incorrect" philosophies (anything continental). I've found that these people are usually atheists, but when they aren't they usually feel very strongly about their religious beliefs.
I don't think that liberal arts degrees are the solution, though. These sorts of people, at least from what I've encountered, weren't "radicalized" by their engineering education, it was that their decision to study engineering came from a demand to understand how the world works, and expectation that at the root of things, everything is simple. These are the types of people who, even if they choose a liberal arts major, aren't going to grasp nuance so much as try to find the "correct" opinions. and reject all others. I know I'm saying "these people" as if it's a diagnosis rather than a stereotype, but it really is hard or impossible to deprogram someone from this line of thinking, because they think of nuance or "no right answers" as an assault on their conception of reality.