Spomenik Database: "An exploration of Yugoslavia's...post-modern anti-fascist monument building from 1960 to 1990." · 0
- Within this new country, Tito envisioned a diverse utopian society unified around its own internal sense of progressive optimism which would be held together by a firm grasp on its own shared future and by a collective righteousness in their victory against fascist aggression. Spomeniks were created as a mechanism to aid in imbuing the masses with that mythos and ideology, with Tito often involved in directing not only their location and historical meaning, but sometimes, their very shape and style, as well. As such, they operate not only as surreal and abstract memorials to a horrific past and noble victory, but additionally, they function as political tools meant to articulate one leader's personal vision of a new tomorrow. This is most clearly evidenced by the fact that at most spomeniks, you will find them surrounded by various styles of large amphitheatres -- these were used as outdoor classrooms, utilizing the spomenik's as a tool to communicate the history, tenets and ideologies of 'Socialist Yugoslavia' to the tens of thousands of school children who were brought to them every year from across the country via Tito's 'Young Pioneers' political youth initiative. When visiting the monuments, it is plain to see that the amphitheatres were integral components to many of the spomenik complexes (with them sometimes even being directly melding into the monument's architecture itself), which reinforces the notion that spomeniks existed not just as memorials, but also as a national network of grand teaching tools for relating to a population the ethos, history and narrative of Tito's Yugoslavia.