Oooooooooh. Of course!
Manufactured Landscapes is one you'll need a bit of patience with but it's incredible. Burtynsky, also a large format photographer. The doc on Erwin Olaf is great. Since we're talking about dutch guys, I'll bring in Mark Kessels, a doc called Kessel's Eye is great, he's a subversive advertising guy who collects vernacular photos. The doc on the king of war photojournalism James Nachtwey is a must watch. Those are all classic contemporary docs in my mind. There aren't as many docs on women photographers but they're out there — I liked the one on Cindy Sherman from a while back. Gosh there's so many more but those are the first that come to mind.
Also, if you haven't seen the BBC photo history doc series The Genius of Photography, be sure that you do, it's great even for seasoned photographers.