The scope is my "grab and go" Celestron 8SE. Camera is a modified security camera and the bar on the side is solely my shitty photo editing ability. The IR filter is a limiting filter centered on 685nm, or just outside normal human vision in the far red, which helps pull surface detail. I got this filter because the other use of this particular wavelength is Uranus and Neptune, two planets I have never been able to image.
The way you do planetary imaging is to take thousands if not tens of thousands of images, usually in an AVI file (I use the SER format as the write to disk is faster and less conversion bullshit). Then you use a 'stacking' software that looks at these images and throws out 60-70% of them, either they are too blurry, the planet is not in the frame, a batch of bad air make everything out of focus, etc. Once you have a "stacked" image, it is blurry and fuzzy looking. Take that into a specialized software to sharpen and denoise the image until you get something like the above.
I need a better telescope and mount for imaging. I also need to suck it up and buy a software package dedicated to astronomy imaging. You will note that Registax has not been updated in a decade, and although it works wonders, it is starting to show its age. I also want to swap out the drive in the laptop for an SSD to get more frames. Most of the images were taken at an exposure of 2ms; for Saturn which is 10x dimmer, the exposures are in the 20ms range and that limits the framerate you can capture.
I'm getting better at the processing and cleaning up, but now I am gear limited. Once I take care of some personal stuff I am looking at a Mak-Newt (er Maksutov-Newtonian) telescope to really do some planetary stuff. The other option is a Maksutov-Cassegrain which for the planets are about the best game in town at the affordable level. If all goes very well, I am looking into the 12" and 14" Meade Schmidt-Cassegrain so I can progress from planets to deep sky and utilize the club observatory's extra pier.
Once I get all the life bullshit settled I am looking at using some fun money, to the tune of about $4K for the optics, $1K for the focuser, $5K for the mount and electronic upgrades. I can use my existing cameras and other gear, then start saving up for the 100TB RAID upgrade, the next camera ($2K) etc.
The running gag is is you don't want your kids on drugs, get them into astrophotography as they won't have any money for anything else. As a camera guy yourself, I bet you can relate.