A major security vulnerability has been found in Intel processors dating back many years. The workaround, which Windows and Linux users are about to receive, is an OS-level patch that reduces performance significantly.
Edit: There appear to be two very serious vulnerabilities, only one of which is about to be provided with an OS-level patch: Meltdown and Spectre. Meltdown affects all Intel processors since 1995 and will be fixed by the patch (at a performance cost), while Spectre is harder to patch and affects "most" processors by all manufacturers. There are efforts to fix compilers so they no longer produce code vulnerable to Spectre, but the problem will linger in unpatched software. There's quite a good short technical explanation here.