I'm currently following a course on Political Ecology, a field I didn't know existed until now but is interesting nevertheless.
As I understand it now, political ecology posits that ecological issues (ranging from local policies to global climate change) are based around power. Natural resources give power (money) to companies / NGOs that control them. Those parties can then use that power to influence policies in their favor.
Later on in the course we'll look at climate change in-depth, but right now I think climate change is also a problem of power, not necessarily one of incompetence or malignant behaviour.