With the damage to, and ultimate burial and abandonment of, Göbekli Tepe, there can be no doubt that the solar-induced dark age – SIDA – had begun. In terms of material artifacts, primarily large megalithic structures from pre-SIDA times remained. Pockets of humanity survived in isolated spots where the natural geography and resources were relatively hospitable. A good example is the Cappodocia region of modern Turkey where the soft volcanic bedrock was conducive to the excavation of extensive underground shelters and indeed entire cities, providing protection from the occasional solar outbursts that most likely continued for centuries or millennia after the close of the last ice age, somewhat analogous to the aftershocks following a large earthquake.
It would be 5000 to 6000 years before civilization would reemerge.
I think that even if we end up disproving these hypotheses, the gestalt message of 'prepare for planet-wide catastrophes because they do in fact happen' is a good and salient one. Something as relatively small scale as a Carrington event could potentially set us back decades if not a century of technological development because our systems are not hardened or redundant.
That's quite an edit war for someone so obscure. The sort of thing you see when there are paragraphs like
Your basic point is
History bears out that what kills civilizations is climate change. Generally the water goes away. That's what wiped out the Mayans and the Anasazi. The Sahara is the Sahara because of goats; Lebanon is a desert because its forests were over-forested. Short of raiding Akkadians or Peloponnesian wars, your civilization will generally continue until you run out of water. Then your mighty nation-state of Pueblo Bonito becomes a ruin while hard-luck Hopi huddle on Acoma to avoid Apache reavers.
There is no evidence of massive shocks ending many civilizations. We know the shit out of Pompeii. We've quantified global impact from Krakatoa. The planet-wide catastrophes we need to worry about tend to be the slow-moving ones that nobody worries about; I got family in the Southwest that has just gotten used to two months of smoke that simply weren't a feature growing up. I remember blue jays as a kid; meanwhile the books would tell you Ringtail Cats didn't come further north than Sonora. But my buddy had a family of ringtails in his garage (at 7,000 feet!) and the last time I saw a blue jay was maybe 2nd grade.